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Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): Overview of the C.F.R. & F.R.

A guide to using the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) for law students, graduates, and members of the public.

Overview of CFR & Federal Register

Introduction to the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) annual edition is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. The 50 subject matter titles contain one or more individual volumes, which are updated once each calendar year, on a staggered basis.

Each title is divided into chapters, which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts that cover specific regulatory areas. Large parts may be subdivided into subparts. All parts are organized in sections, and most citations to the CFR refer to material at the section level.

Law Library Location Guide

Summary from US Government Printing Office, (last visited 08/22/2017)


Introduction to the Federal Register (FR)

The Federal Register (FR) is a daily publication which contains proposed agency rules and federal agency regulations, as well as Executive Orders and Presidential Proclamations. The FR contains final rules and regulations, organized under the title of the issuing agency (and subagency, if applicable), the CFR Title and parts affected, and a brief description of the specific subject of the document. As required by the federal notice-and-comment process, the FR also houses notices to the public of proposes issuance of rules and regulations. "The purpose of these notices is to give interested parties notice and an opportunity to participate in the rule making process." (Summary from U.S. Gov't Printing Office).

While the CFR is updated on an annual basis, the FR is published daily. This distinction positions the FR as the most up-to-date rules, regulations, and actions taken by agencies to affect such rules or regulations. As a result, the FR can be used to "update" rules and regulations cited in the CFR.

Law Library Location Guide

Summary from US Government Printing Office (last visited 08/22/2017)

CFR Citation

Source: http://www.uspto.gov/main/glossary/lawsandrules.htm

CFR Titles

Each volume of the CFR is labeled with the title contained in that volume. Citations to the CFR typically follow a “[title] CFR [section]” format, so finding a regulation by CFR citation is simple. To find relevant regulations without a citation, see the following list of titles:

Title 1: General Provisions

Title 2: Grants and Agreements

Title 3: The President

Title 4: Accounts

Title 5: Administrative Personnel

Title 6: Domestic Security (Cover Only)

Title 7: Agriculture

Title 8: Aliens and Nationality

Title 9: Animals and Animal Products

Title 10: Energy

Title 11: Federal Elections

Title 12: Banks and Banking

Title 13: Business Credit and Assistance

Title 14: Aeronautics and Space

Title 15: Commerce and Foreign Trade

Title 16: Commercial Practices

Title 17: Commodity and Securities Exchanges

Title 18: Conservation of Power and Water Resources

Title 19: Customs Duties

Title 20: Employees' Benefits

Title 21: Food and Drugs

Title 22: Foreign Relations

Title 23: Highways

Title 24: Housing and Urban Development

Title 25: Indians

Each volume of the CFR is labeled with the title contained in that volume. Citations to the CFR typically follow a “[title] CFR [section]” format, so finding a regulation by CFR citation is simple. To find relevant regulations without a citation, see the following list of titles:

Title 26: Internal Revenue

Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms

Title 28: Judicial Administration

Title 29: Labor

Title 30: Mineral Resources

Title 31: Money and Finance: Treasury

Title 32: National Defense

Title 33: Navigation and Navigable Waters

Title 34: Education

Title 35: No Longer in Use (formerly Panama Canal)

Title 36: Parks, Forests, and Public Property

Title 37: Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights

Title 38: Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

Title 39: Postal Service

Title 40: Protection of Environment

Title 41: Public Contracts and Property Management

Title 42: Public Health

Title 43: Public Lands: Interior

Title 44: Emergency Management and Assistance

Title 45: Public Welfare

Title 46: Shipping

Title 47: Telecommunication

Title 48: Federal Acquisition Regulations System

Title 49: Transportation

Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries

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